Zileuton 是一种口服有效的5-脂氧合酶抑制剂，从而抑制白三烯（LTB 4，LTC 4，LTD 4和LTE 4）的形成，用来缓解哮喘的症状。
CD19+ B cells (A) or PBMCs (B) from a healthy donor were treated with zileuton (10 μM) prior to 17-HDHA or RvD1 treatment, followed by stimulation with the IgE-inducing cocktail. Cell culture supernatants were collected at day 7, and IgE levels were measured. The experiment was done in one representative donor (mean ± SEM). Data were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post test, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001. PBMC, peripheral blood mononuclear cell.
Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA)是一种天然存在的酚类防老剂。它是公认的脂肪氧合酶 lipoxygenase抑制剂，具有抗氧化、清除自由基的活性。
Abietic acid, an abietane diterpenoid, inhibited soybean 5-lipoxygenase with an IC50 of 29.5 ± 1.29 μM.